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Baublys Petras

* 1914 05 23 - 1973 12 16
* recognized in 1977

Antakalnis cemetery,
Vilnius, Lithuania

Baublys Petras


About the rescuer and the rescue story

Doctor Petras Baublys contributed a lot to saving children during the Holocaust. 1942-1944 he worked as the director of the Kaunas Babies Home. Since 1942 he was in contact with the anti-fascist organization of the ghetto, which communicated with the doctor through the writer Danuta Čiurlionytė-Zubovienė and her husband Vladas Zubov. After Mr. Baublys agreed to accept the children, R. Golachienė and R. Rozentalienė, who came to him, agreed on the transfer of the children. Children were brought and left as orphans at the door of the orphanage. Nurses Elena Uborevičienė and Pranė Vitonytė actively helped Mr. Baublius.

In 1942-1944, Mr. Baublys worked as the director of the Kaunas orphanage "Lopšelis". At that time, the "Sword of Damocles" hung day and night not only over him, but also over his children - Sigita (Sučilienė), Alis, Jurgis, his wife Joana and other relatives - for rescuing children. After all, the Kaunas Gestapo noticed that after P. Baublys became the director of "Lopšelis", miscreants began to pour into "Lopšelis" as if from a cornucopia.

DOCTOR ALIS BAUBLYS talks about his father:

"There was a Jewish ghetto next to the orphanage. The local Jews and the father seemed to have an agreement: they would bring the babies at night and leave them at the door. They were registered as orphans and grew up in that house. Of course, the entire staff knew where those children came from, and everyone did it in solidarity."

IN THE BOOK "Soldiers without a weapon" (M. Elinas, D. Galpernas, 1967) the work of Mr. Baublis is described as follows:

"... Darkness surrounds Vilijampolė. Under her guise, three-year-old Tamara Ratnelytė needs to be taken out of the ghetto tonight. Underground worker Ida Šaterienė is waiting for the girl to fall asleep. She will then be placed in a suitcase that is kept ready by the girl's father. P. Šateris, a "fence specialist" is on duty at the fence. And the most important thing is that doctor Baublys knows that tonight there will be a "stray" and reliable people are also on duty and waiting for him. But the girl does not fall asleep.

The next evening, nurse Š. Berelovičienė injects the girl with luminal. After receiving the medicine, the child finally closes her eyes and breathes calmly. This time the escape from the ghetto is successful. And here, the sleeping girl taken out of the suitcase is already lying at the door of "Nursery".

Šaterienė presses the call button and hides herself. A minute passes, another. Every minute seems like an eternity to the hidden woman. The door still won't open.

Suddenly, a screeching sound is heard - a car full of uniformed Gestapo officers arrives. Are they going to stop or not? The car whizzes by and again there is heavy, oppressive silence and tense waiting. Finally... The door opens and a woman in a white robe takes the child...".

From the article “Lifeguard”

PEDIATRIST ELENA MIKNEVIĆIĆENĖ'S MEMORIES about Mr. Baublys' work are as follows:

"Marcelė Jasaitytė, who has been caring for orphans in this home since the age of 18, brought a small table into Mr. Baublys' office, covered it with a beautiful white tablecloth, and placed a cooked, still hot goose. He placed a bottle of cognac, a large cup of coffee and politely invited the "guests" to take a break from hard work.

The Gestapo agreed. He got up from the table laden with books and papers and happily began to eat. Mr. Baublys (who knew German perfectly) keeps telling various interesting stories and anecdotes... The Gestapo officers feel "tired" and leave, promising to complete the work next time."

The author goes on to write: "There were rumors that such a widely known doctor must be rich. This is not true. Petras Baublys treated without salary, free of charge. When he built a modest house in Vilnius, he borrowed funds from friends, because he didn't have enough of his own, even though building materials were incomparably cheaper than now."

I confirm [the author of the article Vidmantas Jonas Vitkauskas] the words of respected E. Miknevičienė. I was Mr. Baublys’ neighbor, I asked him for help and I got it. I still remember his house. I often passed by, because forty years ago, a hundred meters from his house, on the side of the Sapieginė hills, there were still brambles growing. At the same distance to the opposite side – after going up the hill through the forest – was the fence of the Antakalnis cemetery. What was left of Mr. Baublys' body after the famous "Doctors' plane" crash (16.12.1973, 19:10) near Moscow, where the ring of Lithuanian pediatrics was killed along with "the last hope of all mothers of the republic" took refuge there for eternal rest: professor Liudmila Steponaitienė, doctor Ona Surplienė, docent Raimondas Lučinskas, six crew members and 45 passengers. After that, the flights of the outdated Tu-124 aircraft in the Soviet Union were discontinued.

Thus, Lithuania lost a person who always consulted parents who came from the most distant places, regardless of whether it was day or night.

Rescued persons:

Moshele Lafer
Shoshana Milner (vėliau Meister)
Maya Zimmerman
Aizik Abramovich
Alik Remigolski
Lyusya Shmujlov
Aviva Fridman
Alik Shtrom
Esther Jelin
Ruth Latzman (vėliau Peer)
Rina Zupovich (vėliau Wolbe)
Ariela Abramovich (vėliau Sef)
Tamara Ratner (vėliau Levi)
and others

Information collected using:

Kauno medikai kovotojų antifašistų gretose (1941-1944 m.) / Butkuvienė A., Varašinskas K. // Sveikatos apsauga. -1983, Nr. 11, p. 46-49

Book "Ir be ginklo kariai"


Brothers Bublys

Petras Baublys family

Kaunas orphanage "Lopšelis".

Jakov Zoreff

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